Awareness of Chronic Kidney Disease among General Adult Population in Indonesia

Susi Ari Kristina, Laksmy Anggun Larasati, Suci Hanifah


Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly becoming a major problem for developing countries such as Indonesia in terms of complicated management such as hemodialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or high-cost renal transplantation. In its initial stages, early diagnosis and management of CKD may help avoid or delay disease progression. This study aimed to assess CKD's awareness and knowledge in Indonesia's general population.
Methods: Cross-sectional research design was performed among the general adult population in Yogyakarta province. Recruiting participants using a convenience sample. A pre-validated questionnaire consisted of two parts, demographic features and CKD information. A logistic bivariate regression was used to identify independent CKD predictors, and p-value <0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Most of the 630 study participants were female, high school graduate, middle economic class, 5 kilometers away from a health center, no family history of CKD or hypertension, non-smoker, and not obese. Most participants had the lowest correct response on CKD signs, risk factors, domain testing and diagnosis. Association of features and understanding of kidney disease observed in female gender, higher education, further distance from health services, those with family history of kidney disease , hypertension, non-smoker, and obese participants.
Conclusion: Adult information and understanding of chronic kidney disease relatively small in Indonesia. This research provides health educators or doctors with information to increase awareness and understanding.

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